HOFMANNSTHAL, HUGO VON

HOFMANNSTHAL, HUGO VON
HOFMANNSTHAL, HUGO VON (1874–1929), Austrian poet and playwright; one of the outstanding exponents of Viennese impressionism and symbolism. He was a great-grandson of isaac loew hofmann but his grandfather and father both converted to Roman Catholicism. While the poet never denied his Jewish ancestry and in his early years even reflected on the meaning of being "Jewish" – as unpublished documents prove – the preoccupation with Judaism hardly entered his oeuvre. Hence there are only a few vague hints of it in his verse, such as the lines: "I cannot rid my eyelids of the weariness of forgotten races" ("Ganz vergessener Voelker Muedigkeit kann ich nicht abtun von meinen Lidern"). Hofmannsthal matured early and was still a schoolboy when he became the protégé of arthur schnitzler , who introduced him to theodor herzl as a promising writer for the newspaper Neue Freie Presse. Melancholy and solitary by nature, and revolted by the decadence of Viennese society, Hofmannsthal turned for solace to the great writers of the past, and many of his most important works are adaptations of Greek, English, and Spanish dramas. One of the most successful was Jedermann (1911), a modern version of the medieval English mystery play Everyman, commissioned by Max Reinhardt for the Salzburg Festival. Several of his plays were turned into operas by Richard Strauss, notably Elektra (1909) and Der Rosenkavalier (1911). Der Turm (1925–7), a tragedy inspired by one of Grillparzer's plays, introduces a Jewish character, Simon, who speaks in a typical Yiddish dialect. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.A. Koch, Hugo von Hofmannsthal (2004); T.A. Kovach, A Companion to the Works of Hugo von Hofmannsthal (2002); M. Kane, "From Ghetto to Nation. Hofmannsthal's Poetic of Assimilation," in: Fuchs and Krobb (ed.), Ghetto Writing (1999), 140–55; A.E. Gillman, "Hofmannsthal's Jewish Pantomime," in: DVJS, 71 (1997), 437–60; J. Rieckmann, "Zwischen Bewusstsein und Verdrängung: Hofmannsthals juedisches Erbe," in: DVJS, 67 (1993), 466–83. (Sol Liptzin / Philipp Theisohn (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hofmannsthal,Hugo von — Hof·manns·thal (hôfʹmäns täl , hōfʹ ), Hugo von. 1874 1929. Austrian writer who established his reputation with lyric poems and a number of plays, including Yesterday (1891) and Death and the Fool (1893). * * * …   Universalium

  • Hofmannsthal, Hugo von — (1874–1929)    The son of a bank director, Hofmannsthal was an awesome literary prodigy. His early, and already accomplished, verse appeared under the pseudonym of Loris because publishing the writing of minors was illegal. Though he studied at… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Hofmannsthal, Hugo von — (1874 1929)    Playwright. Hofmannsthal is closely associated with even, in the minds of some critics at the time, embodied the decadent culture of Vienna at the turn of the 20th century, when Vienna acutely felt the tremors of social and… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Hofmannsthal, Hugo von — born Feb. 1, 1874, Vienna, Austria died July 15, 1929, Rodaun, a suburb of Vienna Austrian poet, dramatist, and essayist. Born into an aristocratic banking family, he made his reputation with lyric poems (the first published when he was 16) and… …   Universalium

  • Hofmannsthal, Hugo von — ► (1874 1929) Poeta y dramaturgo austríaco. Es uno de los más destacados representantes del neorromanticismo alemán. Obras: El necio y la muerte (1893) y El gran teatro del mundo de Salzburgo (1922). * * * (1 feb. 1874, Viena, Austria–15 jul.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HOFMANNSTHAL (H. von) — La littérature autrichienne affirme assez tard son caractère original parmi les diverses littératures de langue allemande. Elle ne l’atteint qu’au XIXe siècle avec Franz Grillparzer et Nikolaus Lenau. À leur suite viennent des romanciers surtout… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hugo von Hofmannsthal — en 1893 Activités écrivain Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo Von Hofmannsthal — en 1893. Hugo von Hofmannsthal, né le 1er février 1874 à Vienne et mort le 15 juillet 1929 à Rodaun (Autriche), est un écrivain autrichien et un des fondateurs du Fe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo von Hofmannstahl — Hugo von Hofmannsthal Hugo von Hofmannsthal en 1893. Hugo von Hofmannsthal, né le 1er février 1874 à Vienne et mort le 15 juillet 1929 à Rodaun (Autriche), est un écrivain autrichien et un des fondateurs du Fe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hugo von hofmannsthal — en 1893. Hugo von Hofmannsthal, né le 1er février 1874 à Vienne et mort le 15 juillet 1929 à Rodaun (Autriche), est un écrivain autrichien et un des fondateurs du Fe …   Wikipédia en Français

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